Research Areas

Research Areas To respond to DHS identified interest areas and contribute to the public good, BORDERS focuses on three research areas: Research Areas

  • Research Area (RA) 1 – Detection, Identification and Screening
  • Research Area (RA) 2 – Sensor Networks and Communication
  • Research Area (RA) 3 – Immigration Policy and Enforcement 


RA 1 – Detection, Identification and Screening

The objectives of RA1 are (1) to effectively distinguish between legitimate travelers at Ports of Entry and those who seek to do harm, (2) better detect people and vehicles attempting to enter the country illegally, and (3) look into questions that are discriminating for deception detection. In these projects, the overarching aim is to transition technologies that are cost-efficient, have minimal errors, and respect individuals’ rights and privacy.

RA 2 – Sensor Networks and Communication

RA 2 addresses the challenges and limitations of individual sensors and sensor networks deployed at and between Ports of Entry. The overarching aim of this research area is to develop inherently resilient surveillance and tracking systems that offer realistic solutions for deployment in the field.

RA 3 – Immigration Policy and Enforcement

RA 3 examines a multitude of both legal and illegal immigration related issues in the U.S. Examples include the economic impacts of immigration policy, workforce enforcement programs, metrics for effective border control, and the dynamics and size of the undocumented and legal immigrant populations.  The overarching aims of this research area are to reduce incompatible and ad hoc policy development through non-partisan, first-class research and to provide meaningful, accurate and sustainable metrics to the discussion.